Attention Deficit

Attention Deficit/Hyperactive Disorder

"It's not the ADHD that causes the failures but rather not knowing how to manage it that lead"s to all the struggle.

About:

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, or ADHD, is a neuro-developmental disorder. Meaning, due to atypical/different development of the brain, there are certain deficits in the neuropsychological functioning. Therefore, difficulties are experienced in performing higher mental functions like planning, organising, problem-solving, etc. This condition makes it difficult for kids to control their behaviour. Symptoms of ADHD are most commonly present since childhood, however, it may occur in adolescents or adulthood as well.

For children with ADHD, school too often starts with a big disappointment, and it only goes downhill from there. Almost about 50% of the students repeat a class by adolescence. Around 35% of the children eventually drop out of school, while only 5% complete college.

As per the studies, by the age of eleven, 80% were at least two years behind in reading, writing, spelling, and math. Even children with normal to superior intelligence show ‘chronic and severe underachievement’. Unusually high suspension and expulsion rates further compromise school achievement and completion. No, you are not alone! ADHD affects almost 4-12% of school-going kids.

Symptoms:

Inattention:

– Difficulty in regulating attention, day-dreaming

– Easily distracted and inability to filter out stimuli

– Difficulty in persisting with boring routine tasks

– Leaving tasks unfinished, overlooking details

– Losing or forgetting things frequently

Impulsivity:

– Difficulty in processing consequences to their behaviour

– Blurting out answers or saying things without thinking

– Difficulty in taking turns, difficulty in waiting

– Frequently interrupting others

– Risk-taking

Hyperactivity:

– In constant motion

– As if driven by a motor

– Excessive fidgetiness or not being able to engage in activities quietly

– Talking excessively

– Disruptive classroom/ group behaviour

Types:

– Inattentive Type: Primary complaints of poor attention and high distractibility. They are usually not excessively active or disruptive.

– Hyperactive Type: Show both hyperactivity and impulsivity in behaviour however do not have much trouble in paying attention.

– Combined Type: Features of all the three symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity are present. It is the most common type of ADHD.

Causes:

– Genetically present (i.e. runs in the family)

– Biological disorder

– Lower activities in parts of the brain that control attention & activity levels

– Premature birth increases the risks of developing ADHD

– Alcohol, smoking to the baby while in the womb may increase risks

How to recognize?

 

Checklist for the screening of ADHD

 

YesNo
 

Restless or overactive, always ‘on the go’ or acts as if driven by a motor

  
 

Fails to give close attention, careless mistakes in school & other activities

  
 

Temper outbursts; impulsive & explosive, unpredictable behaviour

  
 

Inattentive, easily distracted by extraneous stimuli

  
 

Difficulty in sustaining attention in tasks, school work or play activities

  
 

Emotional and sensitive to criticism; get easily hurt

  
 

Unaccepted by the group due to restlessness and frequent fight

  
 

Fails to finish things he or she starts

  
 

Actively defies or refuses to comply with adults or argues

  
 

Disturbs other children

  
 

Talks excessively

  
 

Lacks interest in school work

  
 

Avoids or reluctant to tasks requiring sustained mental efforts (like homework)

  
 

Forgets things he or she has already learned

  
 

Leaves seat in classroom or in situations where remaining seated is expected

  
 

Poor in spelling, arithmetic because of inattention

  
 

Mood changes quickly and drastically, cry often & easily

  
 

Has difficulty organising tasks or activities

  
 

Has difficulty in waiting for his or her turn

  
 

Fidgeting (small hand & feet movements due to nervousness or lack of patience)

  
 

Has poor social skills

  
 

Has difficulty playing or engaging in leisure activities

  
 

Demands must be met immediately – easily frustrated

  
 

Burst out answers to questions before the questions have been completed

  
 

Loses things like school assignments, pencils, books, tools, or toys

  

Possible consequences if left untreated:

– Poor academic performance and risk of dropping out of school/college

– Behavioural and disciplinary problems

– Risk of abuse to alcohol and other drugs

– Risk-taking behaviours (illegal acts)

– Accidents and injuries

– Depression, anxiety and other mental health problems

– Frequent loss/change in jobs

What are the treatment options?

– Medication (includes methylphenidate, atomoxetine) that help to balance the chemicals in the brain that are essential for effective functioning

– Occupational Therapist, Special Educator plays a big role to manage their sensory, motor, kinaesthetic, inattention, and sitting problems

– Psychological Therapies including Behaviour Therapy, Cognitive Behaviour therapy and neuropsychological training to help in developing better attention, concentration abilities, developing better skills of problem-solving, impulse-control, time management, organisation and planning along with managing poor self-esteem, depression, and anxiety

– Proper parenting skills are needed for learning effective management strategies

Parenting tips for ADHD kids:

  1. Stay positive
  2. Encourage exercising
  3. Break tasks down
  4. Reduce distraction
  5. Introduce wait time
  6. Calm down

How UDGAM will help in treatment?

We at UDGAM – A Mental Health Care & Rehabilitation Centre, comprise a dedicated team of mental health professionals who believe that right interventions for children can bring impactful changes in their and their parent’s life. We have an online home-based program and clinic-based program for children with special needs and ADHD. We provide quality care, support & multidisciplinary services to achieve this and promote Hope, Health & Happiness.

 

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We are not a medical or psychiatric emergency service provider or suicide prevention helpline. If you are feeling suicidal, we would suggest you immediately call up a suicide prevention helpline – Click Here