Occupational Therapy is an area in health care that focuses on rehabilitative services for teaching, reteaching, and aiding in learning in physical, sensory, or cognitive deficit aspects. This area not only deals with treatment but management as well. The main goal of OT is to help the individual gain or regain their independence.
Occupational Therapy in Children
Occupational therapy helps teach children activities of daily living by working on their
- Executive functions like (attention, concentration, and memory)
- Sensory sensitivity/perception
- And make the child independent in their daily activities
OT is recommended for kids with
- Developmental disorders
- Poor attention
- Compromised motor skills
- Cognitive deficits
- Socioemotional deficits
- Hypersensitivity and hyposensitivity
- Autism Spectrum Disorder and more
The Sensory Diet
A personalized plan for sensory activities that an individual is exposed to, in a day. This plan aids an individual to stay focused, relaxed, and composed. The balanced set of activities helps keep the individuals' sensory perception in equilibrium so that they can perform as well as relax. The main goal of this diet is to maintain a state of balance. The sensory diet also helps in
- increasing attention/concentration
- reducing anxiety
- enhancing the ability to follow instructions
- enhancing the ability to learn
- Increasing ability to socialize
- calming down hyperarousal
- engaging when less aroused
At Udgam the professionals work hard to provide your child with steady plans with regular updates based on their needs.
Occupational Therapists at UDGAM
Udgam employs trained, experienced Occupational therapists. The mission of the clinic is to provide a wide range of services to a client, to promote solidarity, and maintain confidentiality within one trusted environment. Our professionals also imbibe that mission into their profession. With a playful and fun style of communication develop a stronger rapport with children. Our therapists feel a great sense of gratitude for empowering children to become more self-sufficient in both daily life and school activity.
Dr. Kalpana is a pediatric occupational therapist with experience of 6 years. She did her master's in pediatric in occupational therapy from Maharaja Vinayak Global University, Jaipur. She is experienced in working with special needs children with ADHD, autism, slow processing disorder, MR (Mental Retardation), developmental delay, neurological disorders like CP (Cerebral Palsy), etc., and treats patients with orthopedic conditions, neurological conditions, and psychiatric conditions.
Dr. Chanchal Gupta is a qualified occupational therapist working in the pediatric section. She has completed BOT from Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyay IPH. She is well-experienced in the orthopedic, neurology, psychiatric, and pediatric mental health department. She has worked with Max Hospital Patparganj Delhi and Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals Delhi.
Role of Parents/ Guardians
Every parent has a fear of not giving their child enough resources. It is an innate need to provide the best for your child. We want them to have the best clothes, education, social circle, and academics. Parents work hard to ensure their child remains safe and protected.
But another job for a parent is to ensure their child is self-sufficient and independent. This comes from helping your child express, to have them explore the world. Setting boundaries and speaking on situations happening in the child's life, helps them build perspective for the same. it proves to be beneficial in not only gaining confidence in later life but also to identify any deficits the child may have. And a skill-learning plan can be built to counter these difficulties.
The role of the caregiver is very important for a child’s development. While OT sessions may last for a few hours of the week, it is what that child does at home that makes a bigger impact on their life.
At Udgam we encourage parents to learn activities and tricks to help their child maintain the optimum level of sensory perception.
It is hard to understand many times, at what threshold your child feels overwhelmed, but if you keep track of their responses to various stimuli. Over time it will become easier to predict their reactions. While an oncoming sensory attack is not easy to avoid initially, parents can learn to manage overloads in a way, which allows children to safely avoid hurting themselves or others.
We need to remember that not every activity would suit every child, so it is beneficial to get a
professional opinion to help understand which activities truly help stimulate your child at home.
Parenting is also an important aspect of our services, from having doubts about rearing your child, to facing burnout, we aim to guide parents successfully in dealing with their stressors. We recognize the hard work that goes into parenting your child, and the personal stressors that come with it. We encourage every individual to devote enough time to self-care. We believe that a healthy parenting style is made by healthy parents.
Activities to Relax, at Home
Hypersensitivity is when the threshold of feeling a stimulus is too low, which implies that even the smallest of stimuli can be overwhelming. These people tend to avoid the loud stimulus and seek out sensation avoidance, to calm themselves down.
When there is hyperarousal in a child, they need to be given a sensory diet filled with calming down activities to help bring the optimum sensory perception back to the child.
- Deep massage
- Weighted blanket or pillow
- Gentle rocking movements
- Stimulating toys to engage the mind
- Sit in a room without harsh lights and noise
- Basic yoga to get excess energy out
- Swinging with a slower speed
- light dancing
- Light Music
Activities to Stimulate at Home
Hyposensitivity also referred to as under sensitivity is when an individual's threshold to feel their environment is very high, and therefore most stimuli will go unrecognized. So such people choose louder, brighter, rougher stimuli to feel the sensation.
When there is hyperarousal in a child, they need to be given a sensory diet filled with stimulating activities to help bring the optimum sensory perception back to the child.
- Massage/ rubbing body (fast speed)
- Basic movements to help the child feel their limbs
- Exercise, to help them get energized
- Dance with them
- Trampoline, jumping, while making eye contact
- Swinging, with a faster speed
- Sit in a room with bright lights and music
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