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Bullying is the most common form of violence in our society, it became a major issue which come into light by newspaper, social media. A case study conducted on the several urban high school students found that approximately 30 % of students in grades 6 to 10 are involved in bullying. Bullying not only confined to the schools but also can be seen outside the premises. Bullying can happen in any number of place, contexts, or location. Sometime that place can be online or through cell phones.

Definition:

We have acknowledged two modes by which child and youth can be bullied or bully others.

  • Direct - bullying that accurate in the presence of Targeted person.
  • Indirect - bullying not directly communicated to a targeted youth such as spreading rumors of that particular person.

The definition of bullying is when an individual or a group of people with more power, repeatedly and intentionally cause hurt or harm to another person or group of people who feel helpless to respond. Bullying can continue over time and is often hidden from adults, and will probably continue if no action is taken. It is a relationship problem and requires relationship-- based solutions and can be best solved in the social environment in which they occur. E.g. - most of the bullying cases can be seen in the school

Bullying is a form of:

  • Aggressive behaviour
  • Intentionally and repeatedly
  • Causing another person injury or discomfort

Bullying can take the form of physical contact, words or more subtle action. The bullied individual typically has trouble defending him or herself and does nothing to cause the bullying. There are many different types of bullying that can be experienced by children and adults alike, some are obvious to spot while others can be more subtle.

Different types of bullying are:

  1. Physical bullying: Physical bullying includes hitting, tripping, pinching and pushing or damaging property. Physical causes both short term and long term damage.
  2. Verbal bullying: Verbal bullying includes name calling, insults, teasing, intimidating, remarks, and verbal abuse. Initially it starts with harmless effect but after some extend escalate to levels which start affecting the individual target.
  3. Social bullying: Bullying which often hard to recognize and can be carried out behind the bullied person back. It is called as covert bullying.

It is designed to harm someone's social reputation and cause humiliation. It includes:

  1. Lying and spreading rumours
  2. Negative facial or physical gestured, menacing of Contemptuous looks
  3. Playing nasty jokes to embarrass and humiliate
  4. Mimicking unkindly
  5. Encourage others to socially exclude someone
  6. Damaging someone social reputation of social acceptance.

Cyber bullying: It can happen any time. It can be in public or in private and sometime only known to the target and the person bullying. Cyber bullying can include:

  • Abusive or hurtful text emails or posts, images or video
  • Deliberately excluding others online
  • Nasty gossip or rumours

Sign of bullying

Emotional and behavioral sign of bullying are.
  • Change in sleep patterns
  • Change in eating patterns
  • Frequent tears of anger
  • Mood swings
  • Feels I'll in the morning
  • Become with drawn or starts stammering
  • Become aggressive and unreasonable
  • Refuses to talk about what is wrong
  • Begins to target siblings

Physically signs of bullying:
  • Has unexplained bruises, cut, scratches
  • Come home with missing or damage belongings or clothes
  • Comes home hungry

School signs of bullying:
  • Doesn't want to go to school
  • Change their route to school or are frightened of walking to school
  • Doesn't want to go to school on the bus/ train
  • School grades begin to fall

Other signs are:
  • Sometime sign of bullying can be far more hidden.
  • They are often alone or excluded from friendship groups at school.
  • A frequent target for teasing, mimicking or ridicule at school.
  • Unable to speak up in class and appears insecure or frightened.

Conclusion: Bullying is a common phenomenon amongst school going children and in the work places. Frequent bullying is associated with certain symptoms and absenteeism from Schools and work places. Health care professional and concerned parents should be aware of this phenomenon so that they can diagnose the underlying cause when these symptoms are reported and plan for appropriate interventions.

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